The modern Anatolians (simply called Turks) are a fascinating people. They are a melting pot of different Caucasoid peoples with a small amount of Mongoloid. The Y-chromosome and mtDNA haplogroups of the Turks can be found here: http://www.scs.illinois.edu/~mcdonald/WorldHaplogroupsMaps.pdf .

The modern-day Turks of Anatolia are a mixture of ancient Anatolians (Hittites, Luwians, Lycians, etc.), Greeks, Romans, Caucasians (from the Caucasus), Arabs, Iranians, Albanians, Slavs, Central Asians, and even remnants of Celts (Galatians), Scandinavians (Vikings), and Germans (Barbarians). It is unknown whether the Central Asiatic Turks who arrived in Anatolia were pure Turks (Mongoloid), or already a Eurasian mixture (like most modern-day Turkic Central Asians are). Given that the Turks have Mongoloid haplogroups that comprise around 10% of the general population’s genome, it is probable that either the Central Asiatic invaders were Mongoloid and not large in number, or the native Anatolian population was much larger, or their blood was diluted by ethnic mixing during Ottoman times, or the Central Asians were a Caucasoid-Mongoloid mixture, or any combination of the four.

The Turks imported slaves from all of their colonies during Ottoman times, so most Turks probably also have a bit of Berber, Jewish, and black African ancestry. Genetic tests have shown Turks to be around 0.75% black. This is less than the percent of black found in southern Europeans and most Middle Easterners. Turks also have an East Asian admixture of 5.7% – 10.2% by Y-chromosome. (Definitively 5.7%, the additional 4.5% is a haplogroup K that is found in “Caucasian and Asian” populations, so this is more ambiguous). The Mongoloid sequences of mtDNA in the Turks must have been less than the Y-chromosome given that the Central Asiatic Turks left their mark  mostl culturally and linguistically – gradually but partly by force, unlikely to be caused by women in those days (no sexism inplied). Also, I once heard a Turk say that for Turkic peoples, the mother’s ethnicity doesn’t matter, it is the father’s that matters. So, for example, if a person’s mother is Greek and the father is Turkic, then that person is considered Turkic by virtue of the father (and that person will probably be raised with the father’s religion, culture, and language). The Seljuk Turks and then the Ottomans (Oghuz) Turks were the rulers of Anatolia and later the Ottoman Empire, thereby replacing the dominated population’s language, culture, and religions with the ruler’s Turkic language, culture, religion (which was Islam).

The Turks have historically either conscriptied/converted or genocided the Christians in their empire. Genocides and ethnic cleansing against Greek, Armenian, and Assyrian populations have occured during the Balkan Wars of Independence and World War I, while Greeks have ethnically cleansed and genocided Turks in Greece during the Greek War of Independence. The cruely irony is that some Turks (particularly in western Anatolia, Thrace, and the Pontic/Black Sea) are simply Islamified and Turkicized Greeks, while some Turks in eastern Anatolia are more likely than not Islamified and Turkicized Georgians, Armenians, and even Kurds.

The Turks, since the early 20th century, have overemphasized their Turkishness, highlighting that they are Central Asians. However, modern genetic analysis puts the Turks closer to their neighbors in Europe, the Caucasus, and the Middle East. The Central Asian component in Turks is minor.

Here is some comparison of Balkan and Turkic populations.

This chart shows how Anatolian Turks are closer to the Balkans than to Central Asia.

Now, I do not know what the ancient indigenous Anatolians looked like, but they probably had an appearance similar to that of Levantines (eastern Mediterranean people) and were also more likely to have a look closer to Europeans and Iranians, with light-brown skins or light skins or both. What has been found by genetics results though, is that the general Turkish population is mostly descended from indigenous Anatolians.

The following are some pictures of footballers from the Turkish national football team (soccer).

 The following are pictures that, much to my dismay and anger, failed to show up after I posted them. But I posted them here: http://s1185.photobucket.com/albums/z342/lobertrindsay/ . Also, here are their descriptions. Arda Turan, who has a typical Middle Eastern or (darker-skinned) southern European look. Caglar Birinci, presenting a Slavic (or Greek) appearance. Emre Gungor, showing a more East Asiatic look. Interestingly, he looks like an Amerindian or a mestizo. Hamit Altintop, a German-born Turk, possessing an appearance between East Asian and Arab. Mehmet Topal; light-skinned, and appears Greek or Iberian or Italian. Sabri Sarioglu, who looks Slavic. Semih Senturk, who possesses a Persian appearance. Servet Cetin, who has a mestizo look. Tolga Zengin; has a very Northeast Asian appearance, complete with ghost-white pale skin. Tuncay Sanli, who possesses a Mediterranean look. Volkan Demirel; he has an Iberian phenotype.
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